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Table 5 Values (mean ± SE) of the measured blood parameters

From: Milk yield and composition, body condition, rumen characteristics, and blood metabolites of dairy cows fed diet supplemented with palm oil

Parameter Day 30 of lactation Day 58 of lactation Day 86 of lactation
Control group Experimental group Control group Experimental group Control group Experimental group
Total protein (g/L) 78.82 ± 1.42 a 76.81 ± 1.55 B 81.96 ± 1.82 a 83.78 ± 2.14 A 79.74 ± 1.43 a 77.54 ± 1.13 AB
Albumin (g/L) 36.87 ± 1.29 a 37.88 ± 1.93 A 36.82 ± 1.44 a 33.51 ± 1.37 A 34.91 ± 1.59 a 34.49 ± 1.49 A
Urea (mmol/L) 9.01 ± 0.53 a 7.74 ± 0.53 A 8.71 ± 0.58 a 8.40 ± 0.29 A 6.58 ± 0.38 b 5.46 ± 0.32* B
Total bilirubin (mmol/L) 7.05 ± 0.47 a 7.44 ± 0.72 A 6.96 ± 0.52 a 6.43 ± 0.50 A 6.65 ± 0.32 a 6.56 ± 0.30 A
Triglycerides (mmol/L) 0.13 ± 0.01 a 0.14 ± 0.01 A 0.19 ± 0.01 b 0.21 ± 0.02 B 0.32 ± 0.13 b 0.37 ± 0.10 B
Cholesterol (mmol/L) 3.74 ± 0.24 3.44 ± 0.21 A 4.31 ± 0.21 4.67 ± 0.23 B 4.45 ± 0.31 5.93 ± 0.39** C
BHBA (mmol/L) 1.18 ± 0.36 a 0.62 ± 0.02 A 0.49 ± 0.09 ab 0.57 ± 0.04 AB 0.39 ± 0.03 b 0.49 ± 0.04 B
Glucose (mmol/L) 3.09 ± 0.16 a 3.77 ± 0.13** A 3.39 ± 0.11 a 3.76 ± 0.07* A 3.76 ± 0.06 b 3.26 ± 0.09*** B
Ca (mmol/L) 2.97 ± 0.06 a 2.83 ± 0.05 A 3.07 ± 0.06 b 3.25 ± 0.04* B 3.23 ± 0.07 b 3.11 ± 0.07 B
P (mmol/L) 2.11 ± 0.11 a 1.99 ± 0.08 A 2.36 ± 0.09 a 2.14 ± 0.11 A 2.14 ± 0.07 a 2.06 ± 0.09 A
  1. Means within a row with different uppercase letters differ within the experimental group (p < 0.05). Means within a row with different lowercase letters differ within the control group (p < 0.05). *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001 compared to the value of the blood of control cows.