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Table 4 Total nutrient uptake in shoots and roots of wheat grown in acidic soil (-a) and calcareous (-c) control soils (C), soil and P. bilaii (Pb), soil amended with sewage sludge (SS), sewage sludge and P. bilaii (SSPb), triple superphosphate (TSP) and triple superphosphate and P. bilaii (TSPPb)

From: The effect of Penicillium bilaii on wheat growth and phosphorus uptake as affected by soil pH, soil P and application of sewage sludge

  K Ca Mg S B Cu Fe Mn Zn Al
(mg plant−1) (µg plant−1)
Shoot
 C-a 9.2 ± 0.7b 5.9 ± 0.8b 0.61 ± 0.07b 0.8 ± 0.1b 4.10 ± 0.7b 1.77 ± 0.16b 31 ± 5.6c 239 ± 33bc 14 ± 0.8b 23 ± 7.3c
 CPb-a 6.1 ± 0.5b 4.7 ± 0.7b 0.45 ± 0.04b 0.6 ± 0.0b 2.90 ± 0.3b 1.15 ± 0.1b 24 ± 4c 183 ± 28c 9.4 ± 0.7b 21 ± 5.9c
 SS-a 24 ± 2.2a 8.7 ± 1.0a 1.02 ± 0.10a 2.0 ± 0.2a 9.08 ± 2.3a 5.12 ± 1.1a 96 ± 13a 289 ± 29ab 34 ± 4.3a 78 ± 5.7a
 SSPb-a 27 ± 2.3a 11 ± 0.4a 1.19 ± 0.02a 2.3 ± 0.1a 10.6 ± 2.2a 5.38 ± 1a 75 ± 15b 359 ± 8a 38 ± 5.2a 44 ± 15b
 TSP-a 25 ± 0.6a 9.5 ± 0.4a 1.10 ± 0.04a 2.1 ± 0.0a 9.32 ± 1.1a 4.78 ± 0.2a 62 ± 5.1b 343 ± 17a 30 ± 0.6a 34 ± 13bc
 TSPPb-a 26 ± 0.5a 9.5 ± 0.7a 1.12 ± 0.07a 2.2 ± 0.1a 10.7 ± 0.5a 5.02 ± 0.3a 62 ± 4.5b 343 ± 21a 34 ± 1.1a 34 ± 9.4bc
 C-c 18 ± 0.4b 5.4 ± 0.2a 1.05 ± 0.02b 1.4 ± 0.1b 4.26 ± 0.3b 4.25 ± 0.1b 38 ± 4.2b 20 ± 1.1b 32 ± 1b 24 ± 6.9b
 CPb-c 22 ± 1.5ab 6.7 ± 0.3a 1.29 ± 0.07a 1.8 ± 0.1a 5.21 ± 0.4ab 5.07 ± 0.2ab 42 ± 3.1b 26 ± 2.1a 39 ± 3.8ab 21 ± 1.9b
 SS-c 21 ± 1.3ab 6.7 ± 0.3a 1.26 ± 0.04a 1.7 ± 0.1ab 4.51 ± 0.4ab 5.06 ± 0.3ab 54 ± 4a 23 ± 1.3ab 39 ± 2.3a 42 ± 8.9a
 SSPb-c 21 ± 1.8ab 6.7 ± 0.7a 1.33 ± 0.11a 1.8 ± 0.2a 5.40 ± 0.6a 5.25 ± 0.5a 44 ± 3.1b 25 ± 2.5ab 41 ± 3.2a 21 ± 2.2b
 TSP-c 21 ± 1.1ab 5.5 ± 0.2a 1.24 ± 0.06ab 1.6 ± 0.1ab 4.43 ± 0.3ab 4.88 ± 0.2ab 45 ± 1.2ab 23 ± 1.2ab 44 ± 2a 28 ± 3a
 TSPPb-c 24 ± 0.6a 6.5 ± 0.7a 1.42 ± 0.08a 1.9 ± 0.1a 5.30 ± 0.1ab 5.57 ± 0.3a 44 ± 2b 21 ± 1.3ab 43 ± 1.7a 22 ± 3.1b
Root
 C-a 0.11 ± 0.01a 0.16 ± 0.01b 0.09 ± 0.00bc 0.10 ± 0.01b 0.39 ± 0.01a 4.86 ± 0.5a 342 ± 20ab 35 ± 4.2b 5.7 ± 0.7bc 409 ± 25ab
 CPb-a 0.05 ± 0.01b 0.07 ± 0.01b 0.04 ± 0.01c 0.04 ± 0.00c 0.15 ± 0.04b 0.52 ± .04c 166 ± 39b 15 ± 1.2b 2.5 ± 0.5c 197 ± 47b
 SS-a 0.10 ± 0.03ab 0.32 ± 0.08a 0.11 ± 0.03ab 0.17 ± 0.03a 0.49 ± 0.12a 5.68 ± 1.1a 378 ± 93a 109 ± 31a 10.3 ± 5.3a 434 ± 104a
 SSPb-a 0.10 ± 0.01ab 0.41 ± 0.05a 0.13 ± 0.02ab 0.21 ± 0.02a 0.51 ± 0.08a 2.78 ± 0.5b 384 ± 158a 143 ± 22a 10.8 ± 1.3a 436 ± 66a
 TSP-a 0.11 ± 0.03a 0.32 ± 0.05a 0.13 ± 0.02ab 0.19 ± 0.02a 0.53 ± 0.13a 1.92 ± 0.2bc 391 ± 92a 109 ± 19a 7.4 ± 1.1ab 474 ± 116a
 TSPPb-a 0.13 ± 0.01a 0.37 ± 0.02a 0.15 ± 0.01a 0.22 ± 0.00a 055 ± 0.05a 2.68 ± 0.3b 429 ± 53a 129 ± 18a 9.5 ± 0.3ab 512 ± 65a
 C-c 0.05 ± 0.01bc 0.31 ± 0.03bc 0.05 ± 0.00a 0.10 ± 0.01abc 0.29 ± 0.02b 1.16 ± 0.1ab 84 ± 11b 3.46 ± 0.34b 4.9 ± 1.04a 121 ± 16b
 CPb-c 0.08 ± 0.01a 0.48 ± 0.09a 0.08 ± 0.01a 0.12 ± 0.02a 0.50 ± 0.08a 1.46 ± 0.3a 145 ± 24a 5.37 ± 1.02a 4.1 ± 0.97ab 214 ± 35a
 SS-c 0.04 ± 0.00bc 0.30 ± 0.04bc 0.05 ± 0.01a 0.09 ± 0.01bc 0.26 ± 0.03b 1.04 ± 0.1ab 72 ± 5b 2,99 ± 0.32b 2.7 ± 0.37bc 105 ± 7.2b
 SSPb-c 0.05 ± 0.01ab 0.35 ± 0.06abc 0.06 ± 0.01a 0.11 ± 0.01ab 0.31 ± 0.03b 0.92 ± 0.1b 87 ± 14b 3.6 ± 0.48b 2.2 ± 0.36bc 125 ± 19b
 TSP-c 0.03 ± 0.00c 0.23 ± 0.04c 0.04 ± 0.00a 0.07 ± 0.01c 0.19 ± 0.02b 0.67 ± 0.1ab 58 ± 4.5b 2.38 ± 0.15b 2.0 ± 0.39c 85 ± 6.0b
 TSPPb-c 0.05 ± 0.01bc 0.40 ± 0.06ab 0.06 ± 0.01a 0.11 ± 0.01ab 0.32 ± 0.06b 1.17 ± 0.2b 87 ± 21b 3.51 ± 0.62b 3.0 ± 0.4abc 123 ± 29b
  1. Values are mean of four replicates ± standard errors. Different letters indicate significant differences between treatments (P < 0.05)