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Table 1 Phytochemical classes identified in the aqueous, acetone, and methanolic extracts of both plumbago studied species

From: Investigation of the antiobesity and antioxidant properties of wild Plumbago europaea and Plumbago auriculata from North Palestine

Phytochemical classes Aqueous extract Methanolic extract Acetone extract
P. europaea P. auriculata P. europaea P. auriculata P. europaea P. auriculata
Cardiac glycosides ++ + ++ + +++ ++
Saponin glycosides
Alkaloids
Starch +++ ++
Phenols ++ + ++ + ++ +
Volatile oil + + + + + +
Tannin + + ++ + ++ +
Phytosteroids ++ + +++ ++ +++ ++
Flavonoids ++ + +++ ++ +++ ++
  1. (−) means the absence of the content, (+) means low content, (++) means mild content, and (+++) means high content