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Table 3 Trend for Region Δ acreage (%) during the 50-year period starting from 1974 to 2014 for legume crops included in FAOSTAT classification [23]; the major three cereal crops are also reported, for comparison

From: Multiple benefits of legumes for agriculture sustainability: an overview

  Δ harvested area 1974–2014 (%)
Africa Northern America South America Asia Europe Oceania
Legume crops
Bambara bean +612
Dry bean +207 +16 −20 +25 −84 +1778
Faba bean +7 Disappeared −53 −59 −54 +75,085
Chickpea +30 Appeared +1 +37 −35
Cowpea +168 Appeared Appeared +402 +153
Groundnut +69 −10 −22 +6 +16 −39
Lentil −20 +3376 −75 +72 −45 Appeared
Lupin −82 +577 −89 −64 +315
Pea +49 +1119 +7 −21 −63 +578
Pigeon pea +226 −83 +108
Soybean +642 +71 +882 +116 +291 −10
French bean Appeareda −39a +129a +66a −18a +122a
Vetch +109 −73 −80 +4757
Pulses, nes +20 −69 −15 +73 +7648
Vegetables, leguminous nes +180a Appeareda +118a +23a −31a −52a
Major cereal crops
Wheat +11 −20 +16 +39 −33 +51
Maize +98 +29 +45 +76 +21 +31
Rice (paddy) +185 +15 −16 +16 −28 +2
  1. In Table 2, for each legume crop, item name and code as well as FAO definitions are reported
  2. aData are referred to year 2013 (2014 data not available)