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Table 3 Lycopene release and transport mechanism

From: Encapsulation of a free-solvent extract of lycopene in alginate-Ca(II) beads containing sugars and biopolymers

Beads Points k (sn) n Transport type
A 9 0.018 ± 0.004c 0.44 ± 0.03b Fick’s diffusion
A-T 8 0.0008 ± 0.0006d 0.8 ± 0.1a Anomalous
A-TCh 5 0.10 ± 0.05b 0.25 ± 0.07c Fick’s diffusion*
AP-T 12 0.0011 ± 0.0005e 0.73 ± 0.05a Anomalous
AAG-T 11 0.32 ± 0.01a 0.130 ± 0.005c Fick’s diffusion*
  1. Parameters obtained by fitting the semi-empirical equation (Eq. 1), number of points employed (fractional release <0.6), and transport type
  2. Different letters in superscript on the columns indicate significant differences between values with p < 0.05
  3. * Corresponds to Fick’s diffusion as assigned by other authors