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Table 1 Effect of community-based soil and water conservation measures on soil properties (Mean ± SEM)

From: Exclosures backed up with community-based soil and water conservation practices increased soil organic carbon stock and microbial biomass carbon distribution, in the northern highlands of Ethiopia

Soil properties Non-conserved grazing lands Terraces Exclosures + terraces Exclosures alone
SOC (%) 1.9 ± 0.1c 2.5 ± 0.1b 2.9 ± 0.1a 2.8 ± 0.1a
Bulk density (kg m−3) 1280 ± 32a 1260 ± 28a 1240 ± 21a 1220 ± 48a
Coarse fragment (%) 57.6 ± 0.2b 53.2 ± 0.2b 47.4 ± 0.2a 54.4 ± 0.2b
SOC stock (Mg ha−1) 16.0 ± 1.0c 21.0 ± 1.3b 29.0 ± 1.4a 24 ± 1.3b
  1. Means followed by the same letter along each column do not differ significantly at P ≤ 0.05