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Table 3 Effects of farming system and planting time on yield and chemical composition of broad bean residual biomass on dry weight basis

From: Plant–Rhizobium symbiosis, seed nutraceuticals, and waste quality for energy production of Vicia faba L. as affected by crop management

Treatment Yield (Mg ha−1) Lignin (%) Total cellulose (%) Crystalline cellulose (%) Hemicellulose (%) Pectin (%)
Farming system
 Open field 10.6 15.3 46.0 12.0 13.9 12.5
 Greenhouse 9.0* 16.4* 44.5* 12.0n.s. 15.1* 13.4*
Planting time
 27 September 8.8c 17.7a 41.1d 10.9d 14.9 14.1a
 11 October 10.1b 17.2a 42.7c 11.3cd 14.6 13.7ab
 25 October 11.4a 16.1b 45.9b 12.0bc 14.5 13.2b
 8 November 11.9a 14.5c 47.8a 12.8ab 14.3 12.4c
 22 November 7.0d 13.7c 48.7a 13.0a 14.2n.s. 11.5d
  1. Within each column, values followed by different letters are significantly different according to the Duncan test at p ≤ 0.05
  2. * Significant difference at p ≤ 0.05