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Table 3 Effect of planting dates—A (early, normal and late) and treatments—B (control, intercropping, Piper emulsion and insecticide) on number of webworm larvae (Mean ± SD)

From: Effects of climate variability on insect pests of cabbage: adapting alternative planting dates and cropping pattern as control measures

A
Treatments Planting dates
Early Normala Late  
Control 12.5 ± 3.1a 5.5 ± 3.1b 1.5 ± 1.7b  
Intercropping 4.5 ± 2.6a 4.2 ± 3.0a 0.2 ± 0.5a  
Piper emulsion 1.5 ± 2.3a 1.2 ± 0.9a 0.0 ± 0.0a  
Insecticide 1.0 ± 0.8a 0.5 ± 1.0a 0.0 ± 0.0a  
B
Planting dates Treatments
Control Intercropping Piper emulsion Insecticide
Early 12.5 ± 3.1a 4.5 ± 2.6a 1.5 ± 2.3a 1.0 ± 0.8a
Normala 5.5 ± 3.1b 4.2 ± 3.0a 1.2 ± 0.9a 0.5 ± 1.0a
Late 1.5 ± 1.7b 0.2 ± 0.5a 0.0 ± 0.0a 0.0 ± 0.0a
  1. Values within rows with different letters are significantly different (P < 0.05)
  2. aData taken from Tanyi et al. [35]