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Table 5 The antifeedant activity induced by binary mixtures (1:1, v/v) against third instar S. litura larvae

From: A plant-based extract mixture for controlling Spodoptera litura (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)

Plant extract Ratio Antifeeding percentage
1.448 µg/larva P. retrofractum +3.294 µg/larva A. calamus LD10:LD10 15.12 ± 0.026
1.448 µg/larva P. retrofractum +6.735 µg/larva A. calamus LD10:LD30 42.69 ± 0.033
3.213 µg/larva P. retrofractum + 3.294 µg/larva A. calamus LD30:LD10 82.43 ± 0.033
3.213 µg/larva P. retrofractum +6.735 µg/larva A. calamus LD30:LD30 63.22 ± 0.023