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Table 6 Effect of plant-based binary mixtures on detoxification enzyme activities of second instar S. litura larvae

From: A plant-based extract mixture for controlling Spodoptera litura (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)

Mixture Esterasea Glutathione-S-transferaseb
Control 0.64 ± 0.03a 1.61 ± 0.07a
1.448 µg/larva P. retrofractum 0.68 ± 0.06a 2.27 ± 0.13a
3.213 µg/larva P. retrofractum 0.69 ± 0.03a 1.64 ± 0.02a
3.294 µg/larva A. calamus 0.73 ± 0.08a 2.05 ± 0.03a
6.735 µg/larva A. calamus 0.72 ± 0.03a 1.674 ± 0.02a
1.448 µg/larva P. retrofractum + 3.294 µg/larva A. calamus 0.78 ± 0.04a 1.84 ± 0.02b
1.448 µg/larva P. retrofractum +6.735 µg/larva A. calamus 0.76 ± 0.07a 1.9 ± 0.07b
3.213 µg/larva P. retrofractum +3.294 µg/larva A. calamus 0.80 + 0.02a 1.79 ± 0.04b
3.213 µg/larva P. retrofractum +6.735 µg/larva A. calamus 0.79 + 0.17a 1.7 + 0.06b
  1. Means within a column followed by the same letter are not significantly different (ANOVA)
  2. aCarboxylesterase activity ± SE (nM p-nitrophenol/min/mg protein)
  3. bGlutathione-S-transferase activity ± SE (CDNB conjugated product/mg protein/min)