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Table 1 Proximate composition (%) of LAB consortium fermented sorghum flour

From: Microbiological quality, proximate composition and in vitro starch/protein digestibility of Sorghum bicolor flour fermented with lactic acid bacteria consortia

FT (h) Moisture Ash Fat
NF MF SF NF MF SF NF MF SF
0 9.84 ± 0.04a 9.84 ± 0.04a 9.84 ± 0.04a 10.32 ± 0.05b 10.32 ± 0.05b 10.32 ± 0.05b 3.42 ± 0.04b 3.42 ± 0.04b,g 3.42 ± 0.04b
12 10.11 ± 0.08b 10.32 ± 0.01c 10.28 ± 0.06c,e 10.46 ± 0.02c 10.51 ± 0.06d 10.40 ± 0.04c,k 3.34 ± 0.04b,c 3.30 ± 0.02g,h 3.32 ± 0.10b,h,l
24 10.68 ± 0.15c 10.94 ± 0.04d 10.88 ± 0.04d,f 10.74 ± 0.02e 10.88 ± 0.05h 10.68 ± 0.04e,l 3.30 ± 0.04c,d 3.26 ± 0.12h,i 3.28 ± 0.02l,c,i
36 10.87 ± 0.05c,d 10.98 ± 0.10d,g 10.96 ± 0.03f,g 10.82 ± 0.03f 10.90 ± 0.04i 10.92 ± 0.04f,m 3.24 ± 0.12c,e 3.12 ± 0.04h,j 3.18 ± 0.08e,j,m
48 10.98 ± 0.02e 11.18 ± 0.04h 11.04 ± 0.05h,i 10.90 ± 0.02g 10.96 ± 0.04j 10.98 ± 0.04 g,n 3.14 ± 0.01e,f 3.08 ± 0.02j,k 3.10 ± 0.10m,e,k
FT (h) Protein Fiber Carbohydrate
NF MF SF NF MF SF
0 10.39 ± 0.26b 10.39 ± 0.26b,g 10.39 ± 0.26b 1.96 ± 0.05b 1.96 ± 0.05b 1.96 ± 0.05b 72.97 ± 0.12b 72.97 ± 0.12b 72.97 ± 0.12b
12 11.07 ± 0.92b,c 11.08 ± 0.88g,c,h 11.12 ± 0.09b,c,l 1.64 ± 0.04c 1.58 ± 0.07g 1.32 ± 0.05k 72.33 ± 0.66c 72.08 ± 0.09c,g 72.23 ± 0.11c,k
24 11.74 ± 0.64c,d 11.63 ± 0.09h,d,i 11.98 ± 0.13l,d,m 1.28 ± 0.03d 0.98 ± 0.11h 0.84 ± 0.07l 71.28 ± 0.16c,d 71.33 ± 0.04g,d,h 71.10 ± 0.99k,d,l
36 12.53 ± 0.03d,e 13.17 ± 0.83i,e,j 13.22 ± 0.78m,e,n 0.92 ± 0.10e 0.66 ± 0.10i 0.65 ± 0.05m 70.55 ± 0.68e 70.07 ± 0.11e,i 69.98 ± 0.18e,m
48 13.28 ± 0.26e,f 13.69 ± 0.09j,f,k 13.97 ± 0.87n,f,o 0.74 ± 0.09e,f 0.59 ± 0.03j 0.54 ± 0.04n 69.94 ± 0.10e,f 69.36 ± 0.96i,f,j 69.14 ± 0.96m,f,n
  1. FT: fermentation time in hours; NF: naturally fermented; MF: LAB consortium from maize fermented; SF: LAB consortium from sorghum fermented
  2. All values are mean of triplicate determination and expressed as mean ± SD
  3. Values with different superscript on a row of a particular parameter are significantly different (p < 0.05)
  4. Values with different superscript on a column of a particular parameter are significantly different (p < 0.05)