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Table 2 Occurrence of mould, yeast, bacterial isolates and the fruits affected

From: Bioactivity of Citrus essential oils (CEOs) against microorganisms associated with spoilage of some fruits

  A B C D E F G H I N Occurrence (%)
(a) Mould isolates
 Aspergillus niger + + + + + + + + + 132 24.4
 Fusarium avenaceum + + + + + + 94 17.4
 Aspergillus flavus + + + + + + + 52 9.6
 Fusarium solani + + + + + + + 44 8.2
 Penicillium digitatum + + + + + + + 38 7.0
 Aspergillus parasiticus + + + + + + 37 6.9
 Aspergillus fumigatus + + + + + 28 5.2
 Penicillium expansum + + + + + + 26 4.8
 Rhizopus stolonifer + + + + 21 3.9
 Fusarium oxysporum + + + + + 19 3.5
 Rhizopus oryzae + + + 15 2.8
 Mucor racemosis + + + + 13 2.4
 Mucor piriformis + + + + + 11 2.0
 Alternaria alternata + 10 1.9
(b) Yeast isolates
 Saccharomyces cerevisiae + + + + + + + + 88 29.4
 Candida tropicalis + + + + + + + + + 49 16.3
 Candida krusei + + + + + 38 12.7
 Geotrichum candidum + + + 30 10.0
 Pichia kluyveri + + + + + + + 28 9.3
 Pichia fermentans + + + + + + + 21 7.0
 Pichia anomala + + + + + + 17 5.7
 Torulopsis fragaria + + + + + + + 10 3.3
 Zygosaccharomyces rouxii + + + + 9 3.0
 Zygosaccharomyces bailii + + + + + + 7 2.3
 Kluyveromyces marxianus + + + + + 3 1.0
(c) Bacterial isolates
 Lactobacillus plantarum + + + + + + + + 62 23.0
 Bacillus cereus + + + + 49 18.0
 Micrococcus luteus + + 38 14.1
 Staphylococcus aureus + + + + + 32 11.9
 Streptococcus pyogenes + + 22 8.1
 Bacillus subtilis + + + + + 21 7.8
 Pseudomonas aeruginosa + + + + 16 6.0
 Proteus vulgaris −− + 12 4.4
 Serratia marcescens + + 11 4.1
 Erwinia cacticida + + 7 2.6
  1. A—pawpaw, B—apple, C—pineapple, D—watermelon, E—tomato, F—cucumber, G—orange, H—banana, I—African star apple, N—number of isolates