Skip to main content

Table 1 Pharmaceuticals in plants harvested in soil amended with organic materials

From: Evidence of uptake of different pollutants in plants harvested from soil treated and fertilized with organic materials as source of soil nutrients from developing countries

CropsPharmaceuticalsOrganic amendments/planting methodImpactAuthors
Lycopersicum esculentusSulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim; diclofenacSpiked water used for irrigation; irrigation from municipal wastewater treatment plantsReduce the soluble solids and carbohydrate content; health risk to consumers[45, 47]
Lactuca sativaCarbamazepine and diclofenac; ciprofloxacin; sulfamethoxazole, erythromycin, cefuroxime and trimethoprimWastewater for irrigation; hospital waste waterPresence of pharmaceuticals in the leaves; high concentrations of antibiotics in the leaves[48, 49]
Spinacia oleraceaTetracyclineSludge and municipal wastewaterHigh concentrations in leaves[50]
Raphanus raphanistrumSulfamethoxazole, norfloxacin and doxycyclineManureHigh concentrations in leaves and roots[51]
Solanum tuberosumSulfamethazineManureShoots and tuber[52]
Zea maysSulfamethazineManureShoots[52]
Daucus carotaTricolsan and triclocarbanBiochar amendedRoot core[53]