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Table 10 The direct, indirect and total standardized effects of research variables on farmers’ environmental behavior

From: Adoption of pro-environmental behaviors among farmers: application of Value–Belief–Norm theory

VariablesDirect effectIndirect effectTotal effectSig. level
Social norms0.3200.3200.0001
Perceived behavioral control0.2640.2640.0001
Moral norms0.266− 0.0370.2280. 001
Environmental responsibility0.2000.2000.0001
Extension education accessibility0.1870.1870.0001