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Table 1 Total yield, marketable yield and non-marketable yield of pumpkin fruits of different pumpkin cultivars and horn manure and horn silica treatments—mean values from 2012 to 2014

From: The effect of biodynamic preparations on growth and fruit quality of giant pumpkin (Cucurbita maxima D.)

Spray treatments Total yield (t ha−1) Marketable yield (t ha−1) Non-marketable yield* (t ha−1)
 Control 46.00a 40.25a 5.75
 HM 58.25c 52.21c 6.04
 HS 54.20b 51.30b 2.90
 HM + HS 54.56b 51.15b 3.41
 Control 34.05a 31.95a 2.10
 HM 36.20b 33.00b 3.20
 HS 36.96b 34.65c 2.31
 HM + HS 38.40c 36.00d 2.40
 Control 23.55a 20.15a 3.40
 HM 27.63c 24.20c 3.43
 HS 24.32a 22.80b 1.52
 HM + HS 25.60b 24.00c 1.60
  1. *As difference of total to marketable yield. HM horn manure, HS horn silica. Differences between means marked by different letter (a, b, c, d) are significant within each cultivar, p ≤ 0.05