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Fig. 8 | Chemical and Biological Technologies in Agriculture

Fig. 8

From: Antitoxin EndoAI can induce disease resistance in tobacco as a protein elicitor

Fig. 8

Induction of tobacco resistance to Alternaria alternata (A–C) and tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) by EndoAI (D–F). AC Nicotiana tabacum. DF Nicotiana benthamiana. B, E BSA-treated leaves (control). C, F EndoAI-treated leaves. a and b in B: 0 h and 7 days after the Alternaria alternata inoculation, respectively. a and b in C: 0 h and 3 days after the TMV-GFP inoculation, respectively. Values represent mean ± standard errors of three independent assays, ** represents difference between columns was significant at P = 0.01 level (A)

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