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Table 4 Effect of SWC measures on root colonization (mean ± SEM)

From: Effect of community-based soil and water conservation practices on arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi types, spore densities, root colonization, and soil nutrients in the northern highlands of Ethiopia

Root colonization types Soil and water conservation measures
Non-conserved communal grazing lands Terraces Exclosures + terraces Exclosures alone
Total (%) 48.6 ± 3c 60.5 ± 2b 68.7 ± 2a 67.8 ± 4a
Hyphal (%) 21.2 ± 3b 28.2 ± 4b 45.3 ± 4a 41.1 ± 3a
Arbuscular (%) 7.1 ± 2b 7.6 ± 2b 18.5 ± 1a 15.9 ± 3a
Vesicular (%) 4.3 ± 1b 8.9 ± 3a 12.4 ± 1a 12.9 ± 2a
  1. Means followed by the same letter across each column do not differ significantly at P ≤ 0.05