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Table 1 The amount of ethanolic crude extracts derived from six plant species

From: A plant-based extract mixture for controlling Spodoptera litura (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)

Crude extracts Weight (g) Percentage yield of plant extracts (% w/w) (%) Appearance
C. longa 90.76 9.076 Orange gum
A. galanga 29.39 2.939 Dark brown gum
S. trilobata 28.20 2.820 Dark green gum
P. nigrum 31.03 3.103 Dark brown gum
A. calamus 23.07 2.307 Yellow viscous semisolid
P. retrofractum 12.02 2.405 Dark brown gum