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Table 4 Social impacts of laser-land-leveling technology

From: The impact assessment of technologies diffusion: a mixed methods analysis

Variables Positive impact No impact Mean rank
High Medium Low
Percent Frequency
Percent Frequency Percent Frequency Percent Frequency
Increasing positive competition for more production 60.3 226 33.1 124 3.2 12 2.1 8 2.53
Sense of belonging to village (place attachment) 65.6 246 20.8 78 4.8 18 7.5 28 2.46
Taking responsibility for improving villages status 59.5 223 27.5 103 7.5 28 4.5 17 2.43
Interest in spending most time in village 58.4 219 27.7 104 5.1 19 7.7 29 2.38
Interest in living in villages in the future 58.7 220 25.3 95 7.5 28 7.2 27 2.37
Interest in farming 41.2 158 51.7 194 4.3 16 1.1 4 2.36
Number of seasonal agricultural labor 47.2 177 33.9 127 9.3 35 8.8 33 2.20
Number of family workforce 36.5 137 36.0 135 10.4 39 16.0 60 1.94
Employment opportunities 37.1 139 30.7 115 12.0 45 19.5 73 1.86
Immigration from rural areas to urban areas 38.7 145 29.6 111 8.0 30 22.4 84 1.85
Immigrants returns 26.1 98 25.1 94 11.5 43 36.3 136 1.41