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Table 4 The chemical composition of essential oil of Rosa × damascena collected from five different sites of Kashan region of Iran

From: Variability in chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of essential oil of Rosa × damascena Herrm. from mountainous regions of Iran

No. Compound RIr RIc Mean (%) ± SD Molecular formula
Qamsar Javinan Kamoo Sedeh Maragh
1 Heptanal 899 852 - - 0.26 ± 0.00a - - C7H14O
2 1S-α-Pinene 942 881 0.33 ± 0.00b - - - 0.48 ± 0.01a C10H16
3 α-pinene 964 882 - 0.48 ± 0.01c 0.88 ± 0.01 a 0.82 ± 0.01b - C10H16
4 β-pinene 991 921 0.14 ± 0.00b 0.13 ± 0.01 c 0.22 ± 0.01 a 0.23 ± 0.00 a 0.15 ± 0.01 b C10H16
5 β-Myrcene 1054 930 0.24 ± 0.01 b 0.14 ± 0.01 e 0.30 ± 0.01 a 0.21 ± 0.00c 0.16 ± 0.01 d C10H16
6 γ-Terpinene 1095 980 0.08 ± 0.017a - - - - C10H16
7 Linalool 1106 1026 1.91 ± 0.03b - 2.49 ± 0.03a - - C10H18O
8 cis-Rose oxide 1122 1027 - 1.05 ± 0.01b - 0.85 ± 0.03c 1.70 ± 0.00a C10H18O
9 trans-Rose oxide 1150 1039 - 0.14 ± 0.01 d 0.27 ± 0.01 b 0.20 ± 0.03c 0.36 ± 0.00 a C10H18O
10 Phenylethyl alcohol 1154 1058 0.70 ± 0.01 b 0.78 ± 0.02 a - - - C8H10O
11 Nerol oxide 1174 1061 - - - - 0.46 ± 0.02 a C10H16O
12 Terpinen-4-ol 1186 1085 0.37 ± 0.01b - 0.50 ± 0.00 a - 0.31 ± 0.02c C10H18O
13 α-Terpineol 1223 1099 0.47 ± 0.00 a - 0.42 ± 0.01b - 0.29 ± 0.00c C10H18O
14 Citronellol 1249 1123 17.39 ± 0.00 d 22.08 ± 0.00 c 36.70 ± 0.01a 9.18 ± 0.00 e 30.99 ± 0.01 b C10H20O
15 Geraniol 1264 1138 12.82 ± 0.01 a 4.93 ± 0.01 c 9.35 ± 0.01 b 0.47 ± 0.01 e 3.59 ± 0.01d C10H18O
16 Geranial 1235 1143 1.21 ± 0.00a 0.69 ± 0.02b - - - C10H16O
17 Neral 1170 1144 - - 1.37 ± 0.01a - - C10H16O
18 Lavandulol 1321 1147 - - - - 0.44 ± 0.02 a C10H18O
19 trans-Geranic acid methyl ester 1346 1174 - - - - 0.21 ± 0.00 a C11H18O2
20 2,6-Octadiene, 2,6-dimethyl- 1383 1188 0.24 ± 0.01e 0.73 ± 0.00 a 0.48 ± 0.00 d 0.64 ± 0.01 c 0.67 ± 0.00 b C10H18
21 Geranyl acetate 1356 1201 - - 0.42 ±  ± 0.00 a - - C12H20O2
22 Eugenol 1384 1210 5.33 ± 0.02 a 2.26 ± 0.01 b 1.04 ± 0.00 d - 1.38 ± 0.00c C10H12O2
23 (-)-β-Bourbonene 1388 1211 - - - 0.52 ± 0.00 a - C15H24
24 β-Elemene 1355 1215 - - 0.55 ± 0.00 c 0.77 ± 0.01 a 0.61 ± 0.01 b C15H24
25 Geranic acid 1399 1223 0. 93 ± 0.01 a 0.79 ± 0.02 b - - 0.37 ± 0.01 c C10H16O2
26 Methyleugenol 1420 1230 - 1.08 ± 0.00 b - 0.78 ± 0.00 c 5.95 ± 0.00 a C11H14O2
27 Caryophyllene 1433 1232 2.42 ± 0.00 b 1.18 ± 0.01 d 2.52 ± 0.00 a 1.89 ± 0.00 c - C15H24
28 α-Guaiene 1452 1241 1.04 ± 0.00 c 0.66 ± 0.01 e 0.97 ± 0.01 d 2.12 ± 0.03 a 1.55 ± 0.02 b C15H24
29 α-Humulene 1474 1254 0.97 ± 0.01c 0.49 ± 0.00 e 0.72 ± 0.01 d 1.46 ± 0.01 a 1.06 ± 0.00 b C15H24
30 Germacrene D 1505 1270 2.61 ± 0.02 c 1.70 ± 0.01 e 2.22 ± 0.03 d 3.32 ± 0.01 b 3.95 ± 0.01 a C15H24
31 δ-Guaiene 1508 1281 1.36 ± 0.02c 0.89 ± 0.014 1.29 ± 0.01d 2.81 ± 0.00 a 2.12 ± 0.00 b C15H24
32 δ-Cadinene 1557 1292 0.19 ± 0.00 c - - 0.21 ± 0.01 b 0.26 ± 0.01 a C15H24
33 E-Nerolidol 1563 1317 0.14 ± 0.00 a - - - - C15H26O
34 Hexadecane 1580 1327 0.07 ± 0.01 b - - 0.16 ± 0.02 a 0.18 ± 0.00 a C16H34
35 Dodecanoic acid = lauric acid 1635 1336 0.55 ± 0.01 a - - - 0.43 ± 0.01 b C12H24O2
36 γ-Eudesmol 1670 1362 0.16 ± 0.01 b - 0.32 ± 0.00 a - - C15H26O
37 8-Heptadecene 1652 1370 0.46 ± 0.02 b 0.40 ± 0.01c 0.28 ± 0.02 e 0.30 ± 0.01 d 0.59 ± 0.01 a C17H34
38 α-Eudesmol 1632 1376 - - 0.57 ± 0.02 a - - C15H26O
39 τ-Muurolol 1695 1377 0.42 ± 0.00 c 0.31 ± 0.02 a - 0.30 ± 0.01 a 0.34 ± 0.00 b C15H26O
40 Heptadecane 1747 1382 1.72 ± 0.01 d 2.00 ± 0.00 c 1.06 ± 0.00 e 2.28 ± 0.01 b 3.10 ± 0.00 a C17H36
41 Farnesol 1711 1393 - - 1.83 ± 0.00 a - - C15H26O
42 Pentadecanal- 1137 1395 0.20 ± 0.01 a - - 0.16 ± 0.01 b - C15H30O
43 (1R)-( +)-Nopinone 1723 1397 - - - - 0.20 ± 0.03 a C9H14O
44 trans-Farnesol 1795 1405 1.19 ± 0.00 b 0.56 ± 0.01 a - - - C15H26O
45 1-Octadecene 1795 1423 0.26 ± 0.01 a - - - - C18H36
46 9-Octadecene, (E)- 1796 1425 - - - - 0.20 ± 0.01 a C18H36
47 Octadecane 1769 1435 0.21 ± 0.00 d 0.28 ± 0.02 c 0.17 ± 0.01 e 0.47 ± 0.01 a 0.32 ± 0.02 b C18H38
48 Tetradecanoic acid = myristic acid 1606 1442 0.96 ± 0.02 a - - - 0.20 ± 0.01 b C14H28O2
49 Tetradecanal 1885 1450 0.15 ± 0.00 a - - - - C14H28O
50 1-Nonadecene 2065 1475 3.93 ± 0.01 d 6.03 ± 0.01 a 2.72 ± 0.00e 4.65 ± 0.01 c 4.81 ± 0.01 b C19H38
51 Nonadecane   1489 11.65 ± 0.01 d 19.54 ± 0.01 b 10.36 ± 0.01 e 22.73 ± 0.02 a 16.60 ± 0.01 c C19H40
52 3-Eicosene, (E)- 2002 1525 0.20 ± 0.01 c 0.38 ± 0.01 a - 0.33 ± 0.01 b 0.22 ± 0.00 c C20H40
53 Eicosane 1975 1538 1.85 ± 0.00 e 4.00 ± 0.00b 3.04 ± 0.00 c 5.01 ± 0.00 a 2.49 ± 0.03 d C20H42
54 Hexadecanoic acid 2833 1544 2.30 ± 0.00a - - - - C16H32O2
55 Hexacosanal 1900 1554 - - - 0.18 ± 0.02 a - C26H52O
56 Oxirane, hexadecyl- 2219 1555 0.20 ± 0.01 a - - - - C18H36O
57 Eicosanal- 2989 1557 - - - 0.31 ± 0.00 a 0.12 ± 0.00 b C20H40O
58 Henicos-1-ene 2108 1584 0. 76 ± 0.00 c 1.13 ± 0.01 a 0.19 ± 0.01 e 0.94 ± 0.01 b 0.28 ± 0.02 d C21H42
59 Heneicosane 1985 1591 17.3 ± 0.02 c 22.11 ± 0.01 b 14.92 ± 0.01 d 31.7 ± 0.01 a 11.43 ± 0.01 e C21H44
60 1,19-Eicosadiene 2113 1600 0.33 ± 0.01 a 0.16 ± 0.00 b - - - C20H38
61 3,7-Dimethyloct-6-en-1-yl decanoate 2122 1601 - - - - 0.23 ± 0.04 a C20H38O2
62 Phytol 2159 1604 0.37 ± 0.02a - - - - C20H40O
63 Linoleic acid ethyl ester 2169 1623 - - - 0.12 ± 0.02 a - C20H36O2
64 Linolenic acid, ethyl ester 2141 1628 - -   0.35 ± 0.03 a - C20H34O2
65 trans-Oleic acid 2142 1631 - - 0.77 ± 0.01 a - - C18H34O2
66 Cyclopropaneoctanal, 2-octyl- 2143 1632 - - - 0.37 ± 0.00 a - C19H36O
67 Linolenic acid 2198 1634 1.85 ± 0.01 a 0.87 ± 0.01 b - - 0.42 ± 0.00 c C18H30O2
68 Docosane   1637 1.11 ± 0.02 b 0.96 ± 0.01 c 0.81 ± 0.00 d 1.27 ± 0.00 a 0.44 ± 0.03 e C22H46
69 Bicyclo[10.8.0]eicosane, cis- 2274 1656 - - - 0.28 ± 0.02 a - C20H38
70 9-Tricosene, (Z)- 2619 1683 0.66 ± 0.00 c 0.78 ± 0.00 b - 1.18 ± 0.01 a 0.21 ± 0.02 d C23H46
71 Succinic acid, di(3,7-dimethyloct-6-en-1-yl) ester 2015 1696 - - - 0.45 ± 0.03 a - C24H42O4
72 3,7-Dimethyloct-6-en-1-yl nonanoate 899 1698 - 0.29 ± 0.00 a - - 0.15 ± 0.00 a C19H36O2
  Total    97.57 99.87 99.06 100 100  
  Monoterpenes hydrocarbons    1.03 1.48 0.48 1.9 1.46  
  Oxygenated monoterpenes    32.26 29.16 51.1 10.7 38.35  
  Sesquiterpenes hydrocarbons    8.59 4.92 8.27 13.1 9.55  
  Oxygenated sesquiterpenes    2.11 0.56 2.72 0.30 0.34  
  Others    53.58 63.75 36.04 70.02 50.32  
  1. rRetention indices (RIs) relative to n-alkanes (C6–C40) on the same methyl silicone capillary column. r rRetention indices (RIs) refers to the retention index identified by database NIST014 Values with different letters are statistically different (Duncan, P ≤ 0.01)