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Table 2 Leaf, seed and herb essential oil content and total phenolic content of the dried herbs of A. graveolens in the aqueous extract

From: Chemical components of essential oils and biological activities of the aqueous extract of Anethum graveolens L. grown under inorganic and organic conditions

Treatments Essential oil content (%) Phenolic content (mg g−1)
Leaf Seed Herb Infusion Decoction
Control 1.47 ± 0.52c 5.59 ± 0.34d 0.65 ± 0.26b 15.51 ± 0.47c 15.71 ± 0.45c
30 kg ha−1 AN 1.33 ± 0.45d 5.98 ± 0.63b 0.34 ± 0.33d 10.19 ± 0.37g 10.12 ± 0.47e
60 kg ha−1 AN 0.23 ± 0.02h 4.63 ± 0.47h 0.26 ± 0.12f 18.36 ± 0.35a 17.85 ± 0.24a
90 kg ha−1 AN 0.30 ± 0.17f 5.26 ± 0.61f 0.26 ± 0.28f 10.06 ± 0.34g 10.20 ± 0.60e
120 kg ha−1 AN 0.30 ± 0.03f 5.23 ± 0.52g 0.35 ± 0.45d 17.28 ± 0.14b 16.93 ± 0.95b
7.5 t ha−1 FYM 0.27 ± 0.12g 4.58 ± 0.16ı 0.30 ± 0.23e 12.42 ± 0.38d 12.38 ± 0.50d
10 t ha−1 FYM 0.55 ± 0.03e 5.56 ± 0.53e 0.64 ± 0.15b 11.06 ± 0.35e 11.66 ± 0.53d
12.5 t ha−1 FYM 1.50 ± 0.01b 5.91 ± 0.93c 0.55 ± 0.07c 10.57 ± 0.34ef 10.27 ± 0.23e
15 t ha−1 FYM 1.70 ± 0.08a 6.18 ± 0.55a 0.72 ± 0.52a 10.69 ± 0.23ef 10.48 ± 0.29e
  1. AN Ammonium nitrate, FYM Farmyard manure
  2. *There was no significant difference at p < 0.05
  3. Average value of three replicates
  4. Values with different letters in the same column indicate significant differences at p < 0.05