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Table 2 Target compounds from residues and co-products with high economic potential for a Brazilian renewable chemistry

From: A renewable chemistry linked to the Brazilian biofuel production

Target compound Precursor Route Status Ref.
Acrylic acid Glycerin Organic synthesis In development: improvement of catalysts, yield, others [35]
2,5-Furandicarboxylic acid Glucose from celullose Organic synthesis Fermentation In development: improvement of catalysts, biocatalysts, micro-organisms, yield, others [36]
Succinic acid Xylose from hemicelullose Fermentation In development: improvement of micro-organisms and yields [37],[38]
Fuel additives Glycerin Organic synthesis In development: improvement of catalysts, yield, others [39]
Antioxidants Lignin Catalytic cracking In development: improvement of catalysts, yield, others [40]
Derivatives from celullose (acids, esters, nitrates, eters, etc.) Celullose Organic synthesis Established industrial processes [41]
2G ethanol Glucose from celullose Fermentation In development: improvement of enzymes, micro-organisms, yields, and cost reduction [42]
  Xylose from hemicelullose    
Phenols Lignin Catalytic cracking In development: improvement of catalysts, yield, others [43]
Furfural Xylose from hemicelullose Organic synthesis Established industrial processes: still needing to improve catalysts, yields, others [37]
Syngas (CO + H2) Lignocelullosic biomass Gasification Established industrial processes based on petroleum: still needing to improve yields [44]
5-Hydroxymethylfurfural Celullose Organic synthesis Established industrial processes: still needing to improve catalysts, yields, others [36]
Sulfonated lignins Lignin Organic synthesis Established industrial processes [45]
Xylitol Xylose from hemicelullose Organic synthesis In development: improvement of catalysts, yield, others [46]